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Submitted on
November 13, 2010
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14.6 MB


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Ciameth's Raptor Foot Ref by Ciameth Ciameth's Raptor Foot Ref by Ciameth
This massive raptor foot reference took forever to put together, but it's done now! Featuring accipitriformes, falconiformes and strigiformes, the first part is text and illustration; the second part is a compilation of my own photographs for you to use as reference. Check out the "reference" folder in my gallery for more raptor stuff.

Key to the photos:
Row 1, pictures 1-4: Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis). This deceased individual was struck by a car; one of the talon sheaths was ripped off in the accident.
Row 2, pictures 1&2: same RTHA. Row 2, picture 3: adult RTHA.
Row 3, pictures 1-3: different adult RTHAs. Picture 4: young RTHA.
Row 4, picture 1: adult RTHA. Pictures 2-4: adult Swainson's Hawks (Buteo swainsoni).
Row 5, pictures 2&3: adult Harris Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus). Picture 4: Taxidermy Osprey (Pandion haliaetus).
Row 6, pictures 1&2: adult Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). Picture 3: taxidermy GOEA.
Row 7, picture 1: adult Golden Eagle. Pictures 2&3: Taxidermy Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).
Row 8, picture 1: taxidermy Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis). Picture 2: adult FEHA. Picture 3: taxidermy Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus). Picture 4: baby Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus).
Row 9, picture 1: baby RSHA. Pictures 2&3: taxidermy White-Tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus). Pictures 4&6: adult American Kestrel, killed by pesticide poisoning (Falco sparverius).
Row 10, pictures 1-4: same AMKE. Pictures 5&6: adult Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus).
Row 11, picture 1: adult AMKE. Picture 2: taxidermy Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). Picture 3: adult California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus). Pictures 4: adult Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura).
Row 12, pictures 1-3: adult TUVU.
Rows 13: adult Barn Owl (Tyto alba), killed by collision with car. Check out a close-up of their pectinate talon, which is thought to be used in preening: [link]
Row 14, pictures 1-3: same Barn Owl. Picture 4: adult Barn Owl.
Row 15, picture 1: adult Barn Owl. Pictures 2&3: adult Northern Saw-Whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus). Picture 4: adult Barred Owl (Strix varia).
Rows 16&17: adult Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus).
Row 18, picture 1: same GHOW. Pictures 2&3: Crowned Eagle, taken through fencing (Stephanoaetus coronatus). Picture 4: Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus).
Add a Comment:
Dontknowwhattodraw94 Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I knew the harpy eagle was the biggest eagle but the comparison with the golden eagle really shows how big it is :o (Eek) 
You should've put a drawing of the Haast's eagle with them too, I'd really love to see how big that badass was :D

Really nice drawings btw, this comes in really handy when I draw a bird of prey :)
Wynterhawke07 Featured By Owner Dec 16, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Hmmm? I just noticed that on a lot of the bird feet the second toe is somewhat bigger than the others.
Ciameth Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
The second toe is the main toe used to hold prey while the bird is perched and eating.  The picture of the Harris Hawk feet holding the eviscerated chick is a good example.
Wynterhawke07 Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Kinda like how evidence supports said toe was used in Dromaeosauridae and Troodontidae...
fuyu-oleander Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is amazing! Thank you so much for making and sharing it with everyone!
IXAmXDeathXBee Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2013
Once again, thanks for the references ><
Reka-the-Borzoi Featured By Owner Jan 7, 2013
those would hurt like hell to be attacked by those birds
aileen Featured By Owner Dec 8, 2012
Incredibly useful reference, particularly the photos with the feet on flat ground. Thank you!
EternityVampyr Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is one thorough and in-depth ref! Feet and claws are a weakness for me, so finding this will help me loads :D All those birdy feet look like they were fun to draw!

Thank you for taking the time putting together such brilliant info! :love:
THEGREATTITANICCHICK Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2012
Thank you for putting this up, i was trying to find a good ref pic of a turkey vulture's foot. ^^
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